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Codificarea dreptului în Europa Lect. univ. dr. Viziteu Mădălina

Codificarea dreptului in Europa a inceput cu codificarea dreptului roman facuta de Gregorius, Hermogeniasus,Theodosiu al II-lea si Iustinian. Compilatia lui Iustinian a stat la baza dreptului romano-germanic, iar dreptul catolic a jucat rolul de catalizator .

                Imperiul Romano-Germanic si biserica catolica au constituit factori unificatori care s-au suprapus ordinii juridice fragmentare locale. Anumite zone din Europa, precum Peninsula Scandinava si Islanda au prezentat caracteristici proprii.

                Codificarea napoleoniana a avut la baza culegerile de cutume existente pe teritoriul Frantei. Si dreptul german a cunoscut perioada redactarii cutumelor in culegeri (Saxenspigel; Swabenspiegel). Scoala istorica a dreptului german s-a pronuntat impotriva codificarii dreptului, in special pentru ca nu putea accepta o codificare de tip francez in Germania.

In final, dreptul francez si cel german au stat la baza dreptului continental si au contribuit la formarea sistemelor nationale de drept ale multor state de pe alte continente.

 

Encoding law in Europe began with the codification of Roman law made ​​by Gregorius, Hermogeniasus, Theodosiu II and Justinian. Justinian’s compilation behind the Roman-Germanic law and Catholic law acted as a catalyst.
Romano-Germanic Empire and the Catholic Church were the unifying factors that overlapped local legal system fragmentation. Certain areas of Europe, Scandinavians and Iceland had its own characteristics.
Napoleonic codification was based on existing customs collections in France. And German law known period in writing custom collections (Saxenspigel; Swabenspiegel). German historical school of law has ruled against codification of law, especially because he could not accept a codification of the French model in Germany.
Finally, French law and the Germans were the basis for civil law and have contributed to national legal systems of many countries on other continents.
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